Developing Pre-service/In-service Training Standards to Develop Inclusive Education Curriculum Standards and Ensure Education Quality
Implementation of inclusive education (IE) has become a world-wide issue (UNESCO, 2015). IE is comprised of different educational systems and processes which support children’s diverse educational needs. In many developing countries, because IE was implemented without sufficient data and practices in both special and mainstream education, securing adequate education for children with and without disabilities still remains a challenge.
On the other hand, developed countries are faced with the task of taking the expertise accumulated in the long history of special education and applying it in the context of inclusive education. Japan is working toward constructing an “inclusive education system” which encapsulates both mainstream and special schools. This is where mainstream schools are recognized as “inclusion schools” and the know-how of the special schools on implementing accommodations and modifications based on children’s needs is reflected in their practice. Special schools serve as the center of expertise in developing inclusion schools.
Constructing this Japanese model; the “inclusive education system” and sharing its results will provide valuable insight in both developing and developed countries. University of Tsukuba which holds both, the research organization and the laboratory school organization is a center of research in creating inclusive education system and developing academic and practical standards. This Research Unit has been set up to develop inclusive curriculum standards and pre-service/in-service training standards to ensure education quality based on the issues indicated above. Through cooperation with national and international organizations including, National Institute of Special Needs Education, The Ohio State University and The Indonesia University of Education, the Research Unit supports schools and the society to become more inclusive.